They organized into tribal units , of which the larger ones were later known as the Polish tribes ; the names of many tribes are found on the list compiled by the anonymous Bavarian Geographer in the 9th century. The last tribal undertaking resulted in the 10th century in a lasting political structure and state , Poland , one of the West Slavic nations. After the so-called “autochthonous” or “aboriginal” school of Polish prehistory received official backing in Poland and a considerable degree of popular support. According to this view, the Lusatian Culture which archaeologists have identified between the Oder and the Vistula in the early Iron Age , is said to be Slavonic; all non-Slavonic tribes and peoples recorded in the area at various points in ancient times are dismissed as “migrants” and “visitors”. In contrast, the critics of this theory, such as Marija Gimbutas , regard it as an unproved hypothesis and for them the date and origin of the westward migration of the Slavs is largely uncharted; the Slavonic connections of the Lusatian Culture are entirely imaginary; and the presence of an ethnically mixed and constantly changing collection of peoples on the Middle European Plain is taken for granted. There are also Polish minorities in the surrounding countries including Germany , and indigenous minorities in the Czech Republic , Hungary , Slovakia , northern and eastern Lithuania , western Ukraine , and western Belarus. There are some smaller indigenous minorities in nearby countries such as Moldova. There is also a Polish minority in Russia which includes indigenous Poles as well as those forcibly deported during and after World War II ; the total number of Poles in what was the former Soviet Union is estimated at up to 3 million. France has a historic relationship with Poland and has a relatively large Polish-descendant population. Poles have lived in France since the 18th century.

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Click for larger view The above photograph shows Ron London and Bill Mottern setting up their low power x-ray machine, the same device that was at least in part responsible for the seizing of all of STURP’s equipment by Italian customs upon its arrival in Italy back in The wooden crate that housed the x-ray machine had a radiation sticker on the outside, and that apparently raised enough concern to cause the customs officials to seize everything and refuse to release it upon our arrival.

We arrived a week prior to the scheduled start of our examination while the Shroud was still on public display in order to unpack, set up and calibrate all our instruments and equipment so we would be fully prepared when the Shroud was brought to us.

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Share this article Share The professor of economics at Surrey University, said: Eastern European immigrants, like these children from Poland, may have benefited from better quality teaching in their homeland Prof McNally said this could be due to better education standards in countries like Poland, as well as the work ethic of their parents, who had left their homeland to seek employment in Britain.

Data analysed by Prof McNally and her research team showed a much larger increase in white non-native English speakers in state Catholic schools than other schools – more than doubling from two per cent to nearly 4. Prof McNally said it was possible Polish children caught up fast upon entering English schools. One reason for Eastern European children’s ability to boost results could be their ‘very motivated parents’.

Pictured is a group of Poles looking for work in London Eastern European parents have complained that British schools are failing to challenge their children. Since then, as many as a million and a half workers from the new EU countries are estimated to have arrived in Britain to work. Share or comment on this article Most watched News videos.

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Complete with an old lightly soiled ribbon in the Silesian colours. It is not entirely clear if these were indeed issued with the ribbon, likely not. However, item offered here came from the family of a participant he was in the Infantry Regiment who was said to wear it on his medal bar WW1 and long with the long service medals. Medal is guaranteed original, period issue. Note there are copies on the market, those are said to have couple of particular minor differences from the original.

Also, silvered medals for the officers are in existance but are very rare. Medal awarded to all serving at least 5 months of active duty. Overall age darkening – shows slight wear but no damage. Medal was issued from on and recipients had to pay for it out of their own pocket. Multi part construction, complete with back plate.

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This brings us to the lost art of shoe polishing. In The Beginning The production of shoe polish was at its peak during World War One where there was a need for soldiers taking part to polish their shoes. Following the wars, shoe polish entered the mainstream and was adopted by the wider public. These days a polished shoe is considered a fashion statement with spit shine and bull shine with its high gloss finish being the most desired look amongst the most discerning gents.

With nail polish almost a necessity for most of us, one issue that always stares in our faces is how to make them last long on our nails & delay their chipping.

Name of Poland The origin of the name “Poland” derives from the West Slavic tribe of Polans Polanie that inhabited the Warta river basin of the historic Greater Poland region starting in the 6th century. The origin of the name “Polanie” itself derives from the early Slavic word “pole” field. In some languages, such as Hungarian, Lithuanian, Persian and Turkish, the exonym for Poland is Lechites Lechici , which derives from the name of a semi-legendary ruler of Polans, Lech I.

During this time, the Lusatian culture , spanning both the Bronze and Iron Ages, became particularly prominent. The most famous archaeological find from the prehistory and protohistory of Poland is the Biskupin fortified settlement now reconstructed as an open-air museum , dating from the Lusatian culture of the early Iron Age, around BC.

Throughout the Antiquity period, many distinct ancient ethnic groups populated the regions of what is now Poland in an era that dates from about BC to AD. Also, recent archeological findings in the Kujawy region, confirmed the presence of the Roman Legions on the territory of Poland. The exact time and routes of the original migration and settlement of Slavic peoples lacks written records and can only be defined as fragmented.

Up until the creation of Mieszko’s state and his subsequent conversion to Christianity in AD, the main religion of Slavic tribes that inhabited the geographical area of present-day Poland was Slavic paganism.

FORTY YEARS AGO TODAY! October 8, 2018

In , he entered Warsaw University and earned a law degree in Until the age of 13 he belonged to the Hashomer Hatza’ir scout movement, and at the age of 16 joined Betar Brit Trumpeldor , the nationalist youth movement associated with the Zionist Revisionist Movement. In he became head of the Organization Department of Betar for Poland traveling on its behalf throughout the country. In he returned to Poland, and for a time was imprisoned for leading a demonstration in front of the British Legation in Warsaw, protesting against British policy in Palestine.

He organized groups of Betar members who went to Palestine as illegal immigrants, and in became the head of the movement in Poland.

The term “Polonia” is usually used in Poland to refer to people of Polish origin who live outside Polish borders, officially estimated at around 10 to 20 is a notable Polish diaspora in the United States, Brazil, and has a historic relationship with Poland and has a relatively large Polish-descendant population. Poles have lived in France since the 18th century.

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POLAND AND POLISH COMMUNITY

They organized into tribal units , of which the larger ones were later known as the Polish tribes ; the names of many tribes are found on the list compiled by the anonymous Bavarian Geographer in the 9th century. The last tribal undertaking resulted in the 10th century in a lasting political structure and state , Poland , one of the West Slavic nations. After the so-called “autochthonous” or “aboriginal” school of Polish prehistory received official backing in Poland and a considerable degree of popular support.

According to this view, the Lusatian Culture which archaeologists have identified between the Oder and the Vistula in the early Iron Age , is said to be Slavonic; all non-Slavonic tribes and peoples recorded in the area at various points in ancient times are dismissed as “migrants” and “visitors”. In contrast, the critics of this theory, such as Marija Gimbutas , regard it as an unproved hypothesis and for them the date and origin of the westward migration of the Slavs is largely uncharted; the Slavonic connections of the Lusatian Culture are entirely imaginary; and the presence of an ethnically mixed and constantly changing collection of peoples on the Middle European Plain is taken for granted.

There are also Polish minorities in the surrounding countries including Germany , and indigenous minorities in the Czech Republic , Hungary , Slovakia , northern and eastern Lithuania , western Ukraine , and western Belarus.

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Life in Poland — What is it like? Everyday life in Poland As an American who has spent a good part of his life in Poland I am a Polish citizen also I have a unique perceptive on life in Poland. I can see this better than a native Pole in some ways as I have something to compare it with. The bottom line here is life in American is easy but life in Poland is beautiful. Despite the fact that Poles love to complain and be contradictory and argue that things are wrong, the reality I think most of them in their hearts know how beautiful of a country it is.

The way I see Poland The first thing you will notice about Poland is life is sweeter.

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