Japanese Women History Gender has been an important principle of stratification throughout Japanese history, but the cultural elaboration of gender differences has varied over time and among different social classes. In the twelfth century Heian period , for example, women could inherit property in their own names and manage it by themselves. Later, under feudal governments the Shogunate , the status of women declined. Peasant women continued to have de facto freedom of movement and decision making power, but upper-class women’s lives were subject to the patrilineal and patriarchal ideology supported by the government as part of its efforts at social control. With early industrialization, young women participated in factory work under exploitive and unhealthy working conditions without gaining personal autonomy. In the Meiji period, industrialization and urbanization lessened the authority of fathers and husbands, but at the same time the Meiji Civil Code denied women legal rights and subjugated them to the will of household heads. Peasant women were less affected by the institutionalization of this trend, but it gradually spread even to remote areas. In the s and s, the government encouraged the formation of women’s associations, applauded high fertility, and regarded motherhood as a patriotic duty to the Japanese Empire. After World War II, the legal position of women was redefined by the occupation authorities, who included an equal rights clause in the Constitution and the revised Civil Code of

A Brief History of Courtship and Dating in America, Part 2

Too short of a time period for this trend to be the result of genetic disposition alone. To review, the past 60 years have seen more unmarried women and more of them engaged in sexual activity, leading more of them to become pregnant, even as fewer married women today get pregnant or give birth. Shotgun marriage has declined, and over the past 40 years declining rates of unintended pregnancy among unmarried women and rising acceptability of unwed childbearing have led to fewer abortions. Rising unwed pregnancies, declining shotgun marriage, and falling abortion produced more unwed births.

All of those trends increased the share of births to unmarried women. How important were each of these changes in raising the share of births that occur to unmarried women?

Teen Dances of the s Richard Powers. After the Swing Era and World War II, American social dancing cooled down in the late s, in a shift from dance bands to concerts in night clubs.

I can see all the molecules,’ says spaced-out volunteer Next time you hear someone say ‘Back in the olden days, we had to make our own fun’, this is probably what they are talking about. An American biographer – doing research for a book on pioneers in the field of hallucinogenic drug experimentation – has stumbled upon footage of a prim and proper housewife struggling with the effects of LSD.

The bizarre and slightly creepy footage shows a doctor dosing up the young woman and filming the consequences. By now, of course, she’s likely to be somebody’s grandmother. The subject drinks her lysergic acid and embarks upon her first ‘trip’. The footage provides a fascinating glimpse of how the drug totally warps the mind ‘I don’t have any inside’: She tells the doctor: Aldous Huxley, who wrote The Doors Of Perception after taking mescaline, and Jim Morrison, who named The Doors after Huxley’s book In the unintentionally comical manner that seems to be the preserve of s training films, the camera zooms in on an innocuous-looking glass of clear liquid on the table, as the good doctor says: Drink this down and we’ll be back after a while and see how you’re doing.

It contains gamma of LSD One tenth of a milligram, the equivalent of one th of a grain.

Defeating Polio, The Disease That Paralyzed America

Posted on April 21, by Aster Gross As well as taking on the role of the housewife—which presumably involved an immense amount of physical labor, restriction, and general frustration—women were given the extraordinary task of being desirable to men. In the s, casual dating was still a fairly new concept; before the war, young people typically only dated if they intended to marry in the future.

Interestingly enough, dating also came along with a set of instructions, just as would a new refrigerator or TV set. A stereotypical s date In this article , Patricia McDaniel discusses the standards for attraction as evolved from the s to the s.

Japanese Women – History, Education, Workforce Participation and Japanese Women in the Workforce. Japanese Women History. Gender has been an important principle of stratification throughout Japanese history, but the cultural elaboration of gender differences has varied over time and among different social classes.

This publicity-campaign photo-composite shows the newest and highest, foot tall, neon-sign pylon just installed in at the Las Vegas Club casino. This Fremont Street sign was the tallest in town at the time. In August, it sold to the owners of The D Hotel and will soon be completely renovated. As the first Post-World War Two hotel, Flamingo broke from the Old West tradition followed by most other Las Vegas casinos of the time – using a more modernistic, Beverly Hills’ inspired type of architecture.

Completely surrounded by barren desert, it was the first Strip hotel to be seen as Californians drove in. The Flamingo would be remodeled in with new signage and a roadside Champagne Tower and again in when its diagonal orientation to The Strip was changed to become parallel to the roadway. In a new porte cochere covered driveway was added, along with a second-story skyroom restaurant that provided a direct westward view of the new Caesars Palace fountains and La Madre Mountain sunsets.

Photo Courtesy of Gary B. Photo by Gary’s father, Edward N. Downtown Las Vegas This view, of the area known as Casino Center, is looking westward from the downtown intersection of Fremont Street and Second.

The 1950s: American Pop Culture History

By SJ Stratford 50s man in hat Like men’s fashion before it, s men’s wear saw a postwar clothing revolution that changed fashion permanently, particularly in adolescents. However, “grease” was far less the word than you might think, especially in the early years of the decade. Conformity in s Men’s Wear If you look at movies and TV shows of the era, what you mostly see is the businessman look — the gray flannel suit.

Dark blue, dark brown and charcoal were the colors of a man’s office suit, whether he was a lowly office grunt or head of the company.

Posted in s and s Italy, Diaries and memoirs, History, Italy, Magazines and popular culture, Post-war Italy research Tagged s, gender, historical agency, Italy, Sicily, women 1 Comment My article on Grand Hotel and Courtship in post-war Italy.

Unpadded, rounded shoulders, shapely bust lines, closely-defined waistlines, and fully, billowy skirts define the new, more feminine wardrobe. Blouses, jeans, and long, narrow skirts were also quite popular. The dirndl dress, either sleeveless or with small puff sleeves and having a billowy skirt, became an extremely popular style. This type of casual attire was the hallmark of s fashions. Image courtesy of Advance The full, billowy skirt and natural waistline was quite popular for a number of dresses during the s.

Image courtesy of Vogue. Image courtesy of Advance. Image courtesy of American Vintage Blues. Image courtesy of Simplicity Printed Pattern.

The Dating Culture of the 1950s

Iron lungs in a polio ward, undated. Corbis hide caption toggle caption Iron lungs in a polio ward, undated. Corbis Tens of thousands of Americans — in the first half of the 20th century — were stricken by poliomyelitis. Polio, as it’s known, is a disease that attacks the central nervous system and often leaves its victims partially or fully paralyzed.

Dating Rituals in the s By: Karen Spaeder In the s, long before the days of cell phones and social networking, dating was a simple affair that revolved around jukeboxes, soda fountains and well-defined social norms.

A norm is a guideline or an expectation for behavior. Each society makes up its own rules for behavior and decides when those rules have been violated and what to do about it. How Norms Differ Norms differ widely among societies, and they can even differ from group to group within the same society. Wherever we go, expectations are placed on our behavior. Even within the same society, these norms change from setting to setting. The way we are expected to behave in church differs from the way we are expected to behave at a party, which also differs from the way we should behave in a classroom.

Norms are place-specific, and what is considered appropriate in one country may be considered highly inappropriate in another. In the United States, people are expected to sit quietly during a movie, and shouting would be unacceptable. Appropriate and inappropriate behavior often changes dramatically from one generation to the next.

Norms can and do shift over time. In the United States in the s, a woman almost never asked a man out on a date, nor did she pay for the date. While some traditional norms for dating prevail, most women today feel comfortable asking men out on dates and paying for some or even all of the expenses.

Where Did the Taco Come From?

Its backstory is perhaps the classic local instance of home garage-based weekend hobbyists made good. With a modest initial goal of making premium wine from vitus vinifera grapes grown within the state back in the s, AV went on to great things. Buying its own vineyard acreage in the Yakima Valley in , it was the first winery in the state to market vintage-dated varietal wines locally and was credited, as early as , with launching “a revolutionary industry.

stewardesses & popular culture The news media, novelists, and filmmakers have been fascinated with flight attendants since the first “sky girls” began looking after passengers in

Automobile in American Life and Society Gender and the Automobile in the United States by Margaret Walsh Placing Gender and Automobiles into Perspective Gender is now fully recognized as a vibrant and important category of historical analysis, for the different circumstances of the sexes have made women and men experience and understand events in different ways. While early definitions and usage of gender frequently made the word synonymous with the relationship between the female and male sexes, with the examination of women and men as gendered persons, and with the discussion of the social construction of both femininity and femaleness and masculinity and manhood.

The study of the history of transportation, travel, and mobility has similarly undergone a shift in recent years. These modes of motorized transport have offered major opportunities for understanding how and why Americans take not only mobility, but also rapid mobility, for granted. The internal combustion engine has transformed what would have been a major venture of travelling at a slow pace to the nearest large town or to some weekend holiday retreat, into an everyday occurrence.

In particular, the automobile has revolutionized personal lifestyles and has become a basic and indispensable part of being an American.

Dating Rituals in the 1950s

Email Love and relationships are a complicated part of our lives. Many of us see relationships in a subjective way; biased and based on how we were raised and the relationships we are surrounded by. Yet there is a clear cross-cultural difference in how individuals communicate with each other, and the expectations that are upheld between one another in relationships.

Born into a Russian-Jewish household, I was raised differently from the average American girl, which has made dating outside of my culture interesting. For one, Americans have an open form of communication in relationships, where much more is discussed.

Marriage and Legitimacy in Mexican Culture: Mexico and Californiat Woodrow Borah* and Sherburne F. Cook** T M QUESTION of cultural transfer arises automatically when one deals with the social behavior of immigrants and their descendants to the.

Download this Research Paper in word format. Young people had always danced as a means of socializing with one another. However, prior to the s , it was considered appropriate for a girl to dance with a variety of partners, even if she came to a dance with a particular young man. By the mid s, views changed, and it was considered insulting to cut-in on someone else’s date Sombat. In addition, rock and roll, which featured more suggestive lyrics than prior forms of music, seemed to encourage casual sexual contact between men and women.

Rock music has only grown more suggestive with time, as have rock stars, helping create a popular culture that thrives on marketing sexuality. Part of these changing attitudes was reflected in the sexual behavior of teenagers in the s.

A Complete Photo History of Old Las Vegas

B-movie romance adventure from Columbia Pictures, starring Evalyn Knapp and James Murray as a stewardess and pilot who else? Jane, Stewardess of the Airlines Ruthe S. Jane and her fellow hostesses suffer several airborne travails, including passenger appendicitis, food poisoning, and airborne crime, as well as several crashes. Among other feats, she helps pull an injured pilot from a plane wreck about to ignite, foils an attack by air bandits, and then lands a job as stunt pilot for a Hollywood film scene—a scene recreating the same airborne robbery attempt that hostess Jane herself had thwarted.

There are some things we love about the s—midcentury furniture design and the period’s full-skirted, ladylike fashions, for we appreciate a little bit less? The comically cringe-worthy dating culture and the way women were instructed to behave in order to attract a partner.

American Pop Culture History The s: American Pop Culture History Ahhh, the s: The decade of the baby boomer. Advertisement The post-war baby boom was just the beginning. Unfortunately, paranoia about Communism made a lot of good people act bad. Racism was rampant in many parts of the country, but especially in the south. Although baseball and Jackie Robinson started the integration process in , it really became an integrated sport in the s.

Willie Mays and Hank Aaron were two African American baseball players that, at times, completely owned the sport. Every night families huddled around the TV to watch their favorite shows, which was usually a western like Gunsmoke or anything featuring Lucille Ball.

Dating in the 1950’s